A skin infection occurs when parasites, fungi, or germs such as bacteria penetrate the skin and spread. When this happens, it can cause pain, swelling, other types of discomfort, and skin color changes. A skin infection may be mild or serious.
Dr. Shafali Yadav is the best Dermatologist and Allergist who specializes in all forms of allergies including Hives, swelling of face (angioedema), red lines on skin after itching or rubbing (dermgraphism), skin, eyes, and gastrointestinal allergies, along with complex pulmonary conditions in child and adult patients.
Eczema is a term for a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Atopic refers to a group of diseases with an often inherited tendency to develop other allergic conditions.
Sun induced dermatoses typically occur on the sun exposed parts of the body. At times, the amount of sun exposure is not very important in causation of sun induced skin problems. The sensitivity towards sun may be increased by intake of certain medicines, most common being painkillers.
Mild cases of sun allergy may clear up without treatment. More-severe cases require treatment.
White patches refer to the loss of normal skin pigmentation of skin. There can be many kinds of white patches, each differing in their cause. People of any age may get inflicted with white patches. Most of the times, its not a serious health disorder, but it casts a heavy psychological impact on the patient.
The treatment depends upon the cause of white patches.
Sun exposure is the main cause of skin damage. Skin damage from the sun is due to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) light, which breaks down elastic tissue (elastin) in the skin and causes the skin to stretch, sag, wrinkle, and become blotchy, occasionally with pre-cancerous growths and even skin cancer.
There are three general categories of pregnancy-associated skin conditions: (1) benign skin conditions due to hormonal changes, (2) preexisting skin conditions that change during pregnancy, and (3) pregnancy-specific dermatoses. Some conditions may overlap categories.
Itching is one of the core symptoms which dermatologists encounter in their patients. Inspite of being rampant, it can be challenging to treat itching. Itch (also called pruritus in medical terminology) is an irritation in the skin that elicits an urge to scratch. It may be localized (occurring at a specific area) or generalized (occurring in whole body).
Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces more melanin (the pigment that gives skin its color). This can make skin appear darker than surrounding areas. Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition. It affects people of all skin types.
Benign skin lesions are non-cancerous skin growths that that may be pointed out by the patient or discovered during routine skin examinations. Accurately diagnosing a benign skin lesion and distinguishing it from a malignant condition requires consideration of the physical and histological characteristics of the lesion as well as the patient's attributes and overall condition.
Genital skin problems are very common and some of them happen to be contagious. Genital problems include infections (bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic), itching (in genital areas and/or anal area), ulcer due to numerous causes, sexually transmitted diseases etc.
Drug-induced cutaneous reactions encompass a wide variety of rashes that are caused due to the ingestion of a wide variety of medicines. Not all people taking different medicines get drug reactions. It can neither be foretold as to which person is susceptible to develop drug reactions.
Children may present with a wide variety of skin conditions like diaper rash, white patches on face or body, boils, dermatitis, warts, molluscum, cradle cap, scabies, atopic dermatitis, bacterial infections, fungal infections, acne, popular urticaria etc.
Hair is an appendage of skin. Its diseases are encountered fairly frequently in dermatological practice. Most common problems which people experience are hair fall and dandruff. There may be other problems like thin hair, rough hair, sudden loss of hair, boils in scalp, itching in scalp, problems caused by various hair treatments.
Nails are appendages of skin and can be inflicted in many skin diseases. Nail diseases can be an entity in themselves or they can be affected as a part of skin diseases or they can reflect an underlying systemic disease.